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How to Prevent and Manage Dry Mouth with COPD

May 9, 2018 9:28:25 AM / by Duke Reeves

Having a dry mouth is a symptom that many COPD patients experience, although it is often overlooked. Compared to more visible or more serious ailments, like coughing and shortness of breath, many patients consider their dry mouth symptoms to be low priority or never bring them up with their doctor at all.

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However, a dry mouth is an extremely uncomfortable symptom, and it is likely to only get worse if you leave it untreated. If ignored for too long, it can even lead to more serious problems like gingivitis, oral thrush, and tooth decay.

 

That's why in this post we're going to show you what to do if you experience a dry mouth because of your COPD. We'll introduce you to a variety of products and techniques that can treat dry mouth symptoms and show you how to prevent them from returning in the future.

 

If you or someone you know is suffering from a dry mouth, then this guide will give you the tools you need to track down both the cause and the solution. A dry mouth can happen for a variety of different reasons, and by better understanding the causes and potential treatment options you'll be much more likely to find an solution that works effectively for you.

 

Dry Mouth Symptoms

 

The clinical term for a dry mouth is xerostomia, and it happens when your mouth can't product enough saliva to keep itself moist. It can happen for a variety of reasons, including stress, breathing through your mouth, and taking certain medications.

 

COPD patients are particularly likely to get a dry mouth as a result of COPD medications and symptoms. It's nothing to worry about if it only happens every once in awhile, but you'll need to find a solution if it happens more often than that.

 

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Having a dry mouth can make a variety of things difficult, including eating, chewing, and swallowing. A dry mouth can also make it difficult to talk or make your voice sound scratchy and hoarse.

 

A dry mouth is often accompanied by a dry throat, nose, or sinuses. This can cause the lining of your nose and upper airways to become irritated and sore, and even lead to nosebleeds and infections.

 

Here are some of the common symptoms of dry mouth (xerostomia):

  • Dry or sticky feeling in your mouth
  • Thick, stringy saliva
  • Dry tongue
  • Dry or sore throat
  • Hoarse voice
  • Trouble chewing, swallowing, or speaking
  • Changes in your ability to taste food
  • Problems with dentures

 

Risks and Complications of Not Treating Dry Mouth

 

Dried mud

 

 

Having a dry mouth is more than just unpleasant; it can actually be bad for your health. If it happens frequently, it can cause a variety of other symptoms in your mouth, nose, and throat.

 

That's why it's important not to ignore dry mouth symptoms if they don't go away quickly on their own. Left untreated, a dry mouth can accelerate tooth decay and lead to other infections and problems.

 

Tooth Decay

 

 

Rotting tooth

 

 

To stay healthy, your mouth should produce enough saliva to stay moist all of the time. However, when you are sick, take certain medications, or suffer from a respiratory disorder like COPD, it can dry out your mouth so much that your saliva glands can't keep up.

 

This is bad for your oral health, because saliva plays an important role in keeping your teeth and gums clean. It washes bacteria and food particles off of your teeth and has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties.

 

Keeping your mouth moist prevents bacteria from taking hold and prevents tartar build-up on your teeth. If not managed effectively, having a frequent dry mouth leads to tooth decay and cavities.

 

Mouth Infections and Gum Disease

 

 

Person with oral candidiasis

 

 

If left untreated for too long or not properly managed, a dry mouth can lead to bacterial and fungal infections in your gums and other surfaces in your mouth. This can cause your gums to become inflamed, leading to gingivitis and full-blown gum disease.

 

Symptoms of gingivitis include swollen, sensitive or bleeding gums, bad breath, and pain when you chew. If you experience any of these symptoms along with a dry mouth, you should go see your dentst right away.

 

A dry mouth can also allow fungus to flourish in your mouth, causing a yeast infection known as candidiasis or oral thrush. Thrush appears as white patches on your tongue, throat, and the roof of your mouth.

 

A dry mouth can also cause sores by leaving you vulnerable to bacterial infections on the surface of your mouth. It can also cause your lips and the skin around your mouth to crack, which is painful and puts you even more at risk for infection.

 

What is Causing Your Dry Mouth?

Many COPD patients suffer from a dry mouth for a variety of different reasons. Many COPD symptoms can dry out your mouth and throat, as can many different medications used to treat COPD.

 

If you know what is causing your dry mouth, then it will be easier to find an effective solution that can treat it. To help you understand the cause of your dry mouth, let's take a look at some of the different ways that living with COPD can dry out your mouth and throat.

 

COPD Medications

 

 

Zinnat - COPD medications

 

 

Many of the medications used to treat COPD can cause your mouth to get dry. It is a common side effect of inhalers, steroids, and several other drugs used to manage COPD symptoms.

 

Short-acting bronchodilators are one of the worst culprits and one of the biggest medicinal causes of dry mouth in people with COPD. Most people with COPD have to take bronchodilator medications via an inhaler at least once a day to keep their airways open and their symptoms under control, which can leave them with uncomfortable dry mouth symptoms every day.

 

Many COPD patients also use steroid inhalers to treat inflammation and prevent exacerbations. Steroid medications are known to dry out your mouth, especially when you take them with an inhaler.

 

Along with a dry mouth, steroid inhalers, bronchodilator inhalers, and especially combination inhalers (steroid plus bronchodilator) can cause throat irritation, hoarseness, and complications like yeast infections and cavities. If you have COPD, it's important to know how to manage these and other dry mouth symptoms to avoid permanent damage to your oral health.

 

Another medication many COPD patients take frequently is antibiotics, which are used to treat COPD exacerbations and treat infections in the lungs and upper airways. Many antibiotics can also cause dry mouth symptoms, including Azithromycin, a common antibiotic used to treat COPD.

 

Luckily, most courses of antibiotics are short, so even if you experience a dry mouth, you shouldn't have to manage it for more than a week or two. However, you should talk to your doctor anytime you experience side effects from your medications, including dry mouth. Your doctor may even be able to give you a slightly different medication to see if your symptoms improve.

 

Other Medications

 

 

Antiacid pills on a table

 

 

Many other medications can also cause a dry mouth, including antidepressants, antacids, quit-smoking medications, and anti-inflammatory drugs. While these drugs are not necessarily COPD medications, they are frequently used by people with COPD to treat other conditions and complications related to or worsened by their disease.

 

Oxygen

 

 

Woman with nassal cannula.

 

 

Supplemental oxygen is also a medication, but it is deserves a category of its own for its role in causing dry mouth. The majority of oxygen patients suffer from mouth and throat dryness occasionally, and, for some patients, it's a constant struggle to keep their mouth from getting dry.

 

Often, mouth dryness comes from having a continuous flow of oxygen forced through your mouth and throat, which can dry up the saliva in your mouth after awhile. Pulse-flow oxygen is less harsh and less likely to dry you out, but many patients are unable to use pulse-flow technology to meet their oxygen needs.

 

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You are more likely to experience a dry mouth while using oxygen at night, especially if you sleep in a dry room or breathe through your mouth when you sleep. Your mouth and throat are especially likely to get dry if air has an opportunity to leak out of your mouth or nose. This can happen if your oxygen mask doesn't form a tight enough seal or if your mask uses a pillow cushion under the nose.

 

Using a CPAP or BiPAP machine to treat sleep apnea can have the same drying effect as using supplemental oxygen. Since many people with COPD also have sleep apnea, this is a common cause of dry mouth in COPD patients.

 

COPD Symptoms That Cause Dry Mouth

 

 

Lungs (illustration)

 

 

COPD wreaks havoc on your respiratory system, causing a variety of uncomfortable symptoms, including a dry mouth. Whenever you have a bout of coughing, wheezing, or shortness of breath it can leave your mouth and throat feeling scratchy and dry.

 

Your mouth and throat are integral parts of your respiratory system and get directly effected by the conditions in your airways. And as an entry point through which air enters your body, it is one of the parts most affected when you breathe in dry, irritating air.

 

Whenever you experience a flare-up or exacerbation, it can make a dry mouth even worse, and put you at a higher risk of illness and infection. That's why you should avoid allergens, germs, and respiratory irritants like perfumes and air pollution that could make your symptoms worse.

 

Here are some of the symptoms and conditions that can cause a dry mouth with COPD:

  • Coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Mouth breathing
  • Flare-ups and exacerbations
  • Exposure to dry air
  • Exposure to smoke, pollution, and irritating particles
  • Exposure to allergens, mold, and dust mites

 

Solutions to Treat a Dry Mouth

 

Make Adjustments to Your Oxygen Delivery System

 

Oxygen delivery system with a humidifier (diagram).

 

The best way to treat a dry mouth is to treat the underlying problem. For many people with COPD (but not all), the main underlying cause of mouth dryness is supplemental oxygen therapy.

 

Luckily, there are a variety of things you can do to minimize dryness from oxygen therapy and make it more comfortable for your mouth, nose, and throat. These include things like using the right kind of oxygen mask or nasal cannula and getting a humidifier for your oxygen device.

 

Get a Humidifier Bottle for Your Oxygen Delivery System or CPAP/BiPAP Machine

 

Blue CPAP machine

 

If you use supplemental oxygen, then you know that the flow of air from your oxygen delivery device can severely dry out your mouth and throat. Higher oxygen flow rates tend to cause worse dryness and may even irritate your lungs and airways.

 

That's why many oxygen patients get a humidifier bottle to attach to their oxygen delivery system. All you have to do is fill it with distilled water and connect it to the tubing to bubble the air from your oxygen source through. This moisturizes the air to make it less dry by the time it reaches your mouth or nose.

 

If you experience a dry mouth, nose, or throat more than occasionally while using oxygen, talk to your doctor about getting a humidifier to attach to your oxygen delivery device. However, whether or not you can use a humidifier may depend on your personal oxygen requirements, and it won't work with pulse flow oxygen.

 

You can also get a humidifier for your CPAP or BiPAP machine if you use one to treat sleep apnea. Talk to your doctor about getting a humidifier for your machine if you often find yourself waking up with a dry mouth or throat during the night.

 

Using a humidifier bottle can make a huge difference in your comfort and dry mouth when you use oxygen. To learn more about how to make supplemental oxygen more comfortable, visit our previous post here.

 

Don't Let Your Oxygen Mask Leak

 

Full face CPAP mask

 

If you have a humidifier for your oxygen but still experience a dry mouth or throat, then it could be because your oxygen mask is leaking. If there is a gap between the edges of the mask and your skin, it allows the humid air from your oxygen supply escape while letting dry, outside air in.

 

This can cause severe dryness and is most likely to happen if you use a nasal pillow mask or a mask that doesn't fit correctly. In that case, you may need to replace your mask with one that fits your face better and doesn't allow air to leak out.

 

Get a More Comfortable Oxygen Mask or Nasal Cannula

 

Oxygen face mask

 

Sometimes you can reduce mouth, throat, and nasal dryness from oxygen therapy just by using the right kind of nasal cannula or mask. For example, you can get high-flow nasal cannulae that help by simply reducing the speed at which the air rushes into your nose.

 

Nasal cannulae and masks come in a wide variety of designs and materials you can choose from. You might have to try out a few different types before you find the one that's most comfortable and convenient for you.

 

Using the right mask can make all the difference in how comfortable oxygen therapy is and how dry your mouth, nose, and throat feel. To learn more about all the different options for oxygen masks and nasal cannulae, visit our previous post here.

 

Rinse Out Your Mouth

 

Condensation on a blue surface.

 

When your mouth is dry, simply rinsing it out with water once every hour or two can help you keep it moist. You can rinse your mouth out with plain tap water or use a solution of water with added salt or baking soda, if you like.

 

You can also use oral rinses like Biotene mouth wash whenever your mouth feels dry. These rinses add extra moisture and protect your teeth from harmful bacteria and fungi.

 

Some oral rinses can even soothe your mouth if it's irritated or strengthen your teeth to fortify them against bacteria and decay. However, it's important to find a mouthwash or oral rinse that is alcohol-free, because alcohol can irritate your mouth and dry it out even more.

 

Here is a list of some alcohol-free mouth rinses you can use to treat a dry mouth:

  • Biotene Mouthwash (made by GSK)
  • Oasis Moisturizing Mouthwash (made by GlaxoSmithKline)
  • Eco-DenT Ultimate Natural Daily Rinse (made by Eco-DenT)
  • Crest Pro-Health Rinse (made by Procter and Gamble)

 

Use Saliva Substitutes and Oral Gels

 

There are a variety of saliva substitutes and oral gels on the market that you can use to moisturize your mouth when it gets dry. While they only provide temporary relief from dryness, they tend to be more effective than simply rinsing your mouth with water or mouthwash.

 

Saliva substitutes mimic the salinity and acidity of natural saliva and come in sprays and liquid solutions. You can buy them over the counter at most drug stores, although you may need to ask a pharmacist for help hunting them down.

 

You can use your saliva substitute as often as you like throughout the day as long as you have permission from your doctor. However, you are not supposed to eat or drink for fifteen minutes after use.

 

Oral gels use a special gel solution to lubricate the inside of your mouth and are also available over the counter. Oral gels are great for sealing in moisture and can last for up to four hours after application.

 

Here is a list of oral gels and saliva substitutes you can use to treat dry mouth:

  • Biotene Oral Balance Moisturizing Gel and Dry Mouth Liquid (made by GSK)
  • Mouth Kote (Parnell Pharmaceuticals)
  • Oasis Moisturizing Mouth Spray (made by GlaxoSmithKline)
  • Saliva Substitute (made by Roxane Laboratories)
  • Sprey Rain Oral Mist Spray (made by Xlear)

 

Get Prescription Medication

 

Orange pills on a table.

 

There are a couple of prescription-only medications that can stimulate extra saliva production and relieve dry mouth symptoms. However, these medications, called secretogogues, are usually only available for patients with chronic, severe dry mouth caused by head and neck radiation therapy.

 

However, if you experience a frequent dry mouth from oxygen therapy or other medications, you should still talk to your doctor to see if you have any prescription medication options. If your dry mouth is severe and poses a threat to your oral health, your doctor may consider prescribing you a saliva secretogogue medication.

 

If your dry mouth is causing a bacterial or fungal infection, your doctor or dentist may also prescribe you an antibacterial or antifungal medication. These types of infections are more common when you don't have enough saliva to neutralize bacteria and fungi in your mouth.

 

Rinse Your Mouth After Using Your Inhaler

 

 

Green inhaler

 

Whenever you use an inhaler, you should always rinse out your mouth immediately afterward. Most inhalers include this as part of their instructions, but many patients ignore this step or get lazy over time.

 

Some studies show that only about half of the medication you inhale ends up actually making it to your lungs and airways; the rest ends up coating your mouth. That's why rinsing your mouth out after using your inhaler is so important, especially if you use it every day.

 

Swishing water around your mouth removes the residue of the medication, which is what causes dry mouth when you use your inhaler. Washing it off helps your mouth stay moist and prevents cavities, oral thrush, and bacterial infections like gingivitis.

 

However, you have to remember to rinse your mouth out immediately after you use your inhaler in order for it to be effective. Studies show that putting it off for even one minute gives the medication enough time to absorb into your mouth, causing dryness and other complications.

 

Use Moisturizers and Creams

 

Person holding a cloth to their face.

 

While these aren't for your mouth exactly, moisturizers and creams are a godsend for chapped lips and skin. After all, if your mouth is dry and dehydrated, there's a pretty good chance that your skin and lips are on the dry side, too.

 

Oxygen therapy, in particular, can cause your lips and the skin around your mouth to get dry, irritated, and cracked. Luckily, all it takes is regular moisturizer application to keep your skin smooth and moist.

 

Since oxygen is highly flammable, oxygen patients should always avoid using chapsticks and moisturizers that contain petroleum, which is also a very flammable substance. Instead, you should only use water-based lubricants and lip balms when you use supplemental oxygen.

 

If you don't use oxygen, then you are free to use whatever kind of skin or lip moisturizer you prefer. However, moisturizing creams tend to be thicker and work better than lotions, and simple petroleum jellies like Vaseline work exceptionally well for chapped lips and skin.

 

You can also use water and petroleum-based lubricants to lubricate the outside of your nose and just inside your nostrils if they get dry. If you experience nasal dryness, a saline nasal spray or nasal gel can give you temporary relief.

 

If you use supplemental oxygen, Surgilube is a great water-based lubricant used by many oxygen patients and hospitals. It's an inexpensive, all-purpose lubricant that can come in handy for a variety of moisturizing needs.

 

Make Hydration a Priority

 

Water being poured into a glass.

 

Dehydration is a common problem in people with COPD, and it can cause your mouth to dry out, too. Even if your dry mouth is caused by a medication or any other reason, getting dehydrated can make it much worse.

 

If you struggle with a dry mouth often, then you should making drinking enough water a top priority in your daily routine. Not only will it help with your dry mouth, but it can reduce a variety of symptoms caused by COPD.

 

However, it can be difficult to remember to drink enough water throughout the day, even if you know that it's a healthy thing to do. Fortunately, there are plenty of tried-and-true ways to help yourself build healthy hydration habits.

 

Use Water Bottles

 

Plastic and aluminum water bottles.

 

Using water bottles is a great way to make drinking more water easy to remember. Keep them around in your fridge as a personal-sized, ready-to-go portion of water so you always have a convenient way to hydrate no matter where you go.

 

Instead of using disposable water bottles, which are expensive and harmful to the environment, invest in a few durable, refillable water bottles that you can use over and over again. It can even be fun to shop for a new water bottle with the colors, functions, and design that you like.

 

Then all you have to do is take some time in the evening or in the morning to fill up a few water bottles to use throughout the day. Then, you'll have a cold, delicious bottle of water at the ready to grab whenever you feel thirsty or leave the house.

 

Plan Ahead

 

"Plan"

 

If you often forget to drink enough water, it can help to put water bottles in strategic places around your home and work space. It works best if you put them in places where you are most likely to notice them and be reminded to drink them throughout the day.

 

For example, you could put a bottle of water by your bed so you remember to drink it when you get up in the morning. You might place another water bottle by your front door so you remember to bring it along when you leave for work or any other outing.

 

Having water in practical places throughout your home can also be useful when you have a dry mouth, because you will always have water within reach. That way you can sip, swish, or rinse your mouth out with water as frequently as you need to in order to keep your mouth moist.

 

You should also plan ahead for times that you will be away from home, especially if you will be exercising or spending time outdoors in the heat. Fill up a few water bottles ahead of time and don't forget to pack them up and take them with you when you leave.

 

Know When You Need Extra Water

 

Desert

 

It's important to remember that you should drink extra water to stay hydrated during certain activities and seasons. For example, anytime you do any kind of physical activity, sweat, or spend time outside in the heat, you will need to drink more water than usual to stay hydrated.

 

You should also be careful to stay hydrated anytime your body is sick or injured. Drinking extra water can help your body work more efficiently and even speed up your recovery time.

 

Here is a list of activities and situations in which you should drink extra water:

  • During exercise, sports, or any other physical activity
  • When the weather is hot or dry
  • When you go to high altitudes
  • When you are sick (especially with a respiratory illness or infection)
  • When you experience allergy symptoms
  • Any time you drink alcohol or caffeine
  • Any time you take any medication that could cause you to become dehydrated (e.g. diuretics, inhalers, antibiotics, and steroids)

 

Get a Humidifier for Your House

 

Ultrasonic cool mist humidifier.

 

 

If the air in your house is dry, then it can cause or worsen a dry mouth, nose, and throat. It can also affect your ability to breathe and irritate your lungs and airways.

 

That's why it's so important to keeping the air in your home at a comfortable humidity level when you have COPD. Breathing air that's properly moisturized can significantly reduce symptoms of a dry mouth and make a difference in how you feel every day.

 

Whole-house humidifiers that hook up to your HVAC system are extremely effective, but also pricey. Most of the time, one or two small humidifiers for the main rooms in your home is enough to make a huge difference in the dryness of your indoor air.

 

At the very least you should get a small humidifier for your bedroom if you often get dry mouth symptoms at night. Especially if you use nighttime oxygen, running a humidifier can help you feel much more comfortable and significantly reduce how dry you get. while you sleep.

 

Boiling water in a kettle or pot on the stove is another way you can humidify the air in your home in a pinch. However, this can be a hassle to do on a regular basis, so it's best used as a quick fix for occasional dry spells rather than a primary means of humidifying your home.

 

Know Which Foods Can Help Dry Mouth and Which Foods Make it Worse

 

Saliva does more than just keep your mouth moist and healthy, but also plays an important role in digesting and breaking down food. Because of this, eating food, smelling food, or even just thinking about food can trigger your mouth to water.

 

However, certain foods can make a dry mouth worse by causing abrasions, inflammation, or simply absorbing all of your saliva. To help treat and prevent a dry mouth, you should know what foods promote saliva production and which ones cause irritation and dryness.

 

Avoid Foods and Drugs that Can Irritate Your Mouth

 

 

Jars of alcohol

 

When your mouth is dry, it's more sensitive and more likely to get irritated by something you eat or inhale. And when you eat something that irritates your mouth, it can cause pain and sores and make your dry mouth even worse.

 

That's one of the reasons why smoking tobacco is bad for your oral health. It not only dries out your mouth, but causes it to become irritated and sensitive, too.

 

Drinks containing alcohol and caffeine can also cause inflammation and dry out your mouth in more than one way. First, they irritate the lining in your mouth, resulting in dryness and sensitivity. Second, alcohol and caffeine are both diuretics, meaning they cause your body expel extra amounts of water, which can result in dehydration.

 

When your mouth is already dry, coarse, dry foods can exacerbate the dryness and more easily irritate or scratch the inside of your mouth. To avoid this, try dipping dry and crusty foods like toast and crackers in a liquid, sauce, or dip to make them easier to eat.

 

 

Bread, soup, and butter.

 

Other foods that can irritate and dry out your mouth include foods that are especially salty, acidic, and spicy. Pay attention as you eat to find out if these or any other foods tend to make your dry mouth worse, and avoid eating any that do.

 

Here's a list of foods you should avoid when you have a dry mouth:

  • Dry and crusty foods: e.g. toast, crackers, chips, and coarse cereals
  • Acidic foods: e.g. orange juice, citrus fruits, and soda
  • Salty foods: e.g. salty snack foods and salty soups and broths
  • Spicy foods: e.g. foods made with peppers

 

Eat Foods that Stimulate Your Saliva Glands

 

 

5 gum Vortex

 

Sometimes all you need to do is give your saliva glands a kick to get relief from a dry mouth. You can do this by eating foods that stimulate your mouth to produce extra saliva.

 

For example, sour foods can be very effective at stimulating your saliva glands; even thinking about something sour may even make you salivate. However, sour foods can also irritate your mouth, so be careful about eating too much.

 

Any food that contains a lot of water can help with a dry mouth by adding moisture. Unlike dry foods, they won't soak up your precious saliva or scratch and irritate the inside of your mouth.

 

Crunchy vegetables can also stimulate your mouth to produce more saliva because they require a lot of chewing to break down. They're a great choice because, unlike many other crunchy foods, they are full of water and not dry at all.

 

Chewing gum also stimulates saliva production and can be a great way to prevent a dry mouth throughout the day. Just make sure you chew sugar-free gum so you don't end up with cavities or tooth decay.

 

Here is a list of some saliva-stimulating foods that can help with a dry mouth:

  • Foods that contain a lot of water (e.g. crunchy vegetables)
  • Sour foods like citrus fruits and apples
  • Apple cider vinegar
  • Soft foods (e.g. soft meats, cheeses, dairy, potatoes, etc.)
  • Popsicles
  • Sugarless gum (especially lemon, mint, and cinnamon flavors)
  • Sugar-free hard candies like lemon drops

 

Get Your Medication Adjusted

 

 

Doctor and nurse (illustration).

 

 

If you experience a dry mouth frequently, you should talk to your doctor about your symptoms. He can look to see if any of the medications you take could be causing your dry mouth and give you helpful advice for relief.

 

If your dry mouth is the the side effect of a medication, your doctor may be able to adjust your dosage to reduce your symptoms. You may also be able to try a different drug in the same category to see if it helps your dry mouth.

 

If a short-term medication like antibiotics is causing your symptoms, you may be able to use other techniques like moisturizing rinses and saliva substitutes to manage them until your course of medication is done. Also, once you know which medications are causing your dry mouth, you can take preventative measures and plan ahead whenever you have to use them.

 

Don't Breathe In Through Your Mouth

 

 

Nose

 

You can breathe through both your nose and your mouth, but breathing through your nose is definitely the superior option. Your nose is built to filter, moisturize, and warm up the air you inhale, which makes it easier and more comfortable to breathe.

 

Whenever you breathe through your mouth, you don't get any of those benefits, and it can dry out your saliva and make your mouth dry. Your mouth, though capable of breathing, is best used as a back-up for when your nose gets too plugged up.

 

Because of this, you should always try to breathe through your nose whenever possible. You should only breathe through your mouth if you have a stuffy nose or other nasal symptoms that make it difficult to inhale through your nostrils.

 

This is especially important at night, when breathing through your mouth for hours can result in severe mouth and throat dryness by the time you wake up. If you notice that you're breathing through your mouth or drooling in your bed at night, try to make a conscious effort to breathe through your nose when you lie in bed.

 

Breathing through your nostrils warms up and humidifies the air you inhale, making it more comfortable to breathe. This helps protect your throat, lungs, and airways from getting irritated and dry when you breathe in harsh, cold, dry air.

 

 

Nose in cold weather (diagram).

 

Your nostrils also act like filters that trap pollen, bacteria, and other particles in the air you breathe. Because of this, you may even be able to reduce your risk of getting respiratory infections and illnesses if you breathe through your nose instead of your mouth.

 

When you exercise or otherwise exert yourself physically, it can be tempting to gasp and breathe through your mouth in an attempt to get more air. However, it is much more effective to slow down your breaths, inhale through your nose, and practice pursed-lips breathing, instead.

 

Practicing pursed-lips breathing requires you to inhale through your nose and out through your mouth and is an effective way to keep your breathing under control when you feel breathless. Thus, this technique not only minimizes the amount of moisture you lose through your mouth, but will help you manage your COPD symptoms better during any kind of physical activity.

 

If you are breathing through your mouth because of nasal congestion, then you will need to treat the underlying problem so you can go back to breathing comfortably through your nose. That might mean taking allergy medication, treating an exacerbation, drinking more water to thin out your mucus, or working with your doctor to find other ways to manage your COPD symptoms more effectively

 

 

Doctor checking man's nasal cavity.

 

Here are some signs that you may be breathing through your mouth at night and need to make an adjustment:

  • Dry mouth at night or in the morning
  • Bad breath in the morning
  • Snoring
  • Hoarseness
  • Poor sleep or waking up feeling tired
  • Feeling foggy or irritable after a full night's sleep
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Brain fog

 

Many of these signs could also be symptoms of sleep apnea, a common sleep disorder that causes you to stop breathing frequently while you sleep. If you experience any of the above symptoms, you should talk to your doctor to make sure underlying sleep apnea isn't the cause.

 

Take Care of Your Oral Health

 

 

Toothpaste on a toothbrush

 

 

If you experience a dry mouth often, then you may have a higher risk for gingivitis and tooth decay. To keep your teeth and gums healthy, you may need to put some extra work into your dental health routine.

 

First, you need to be especially diligent about keeping up with basic oral hygiene, including always brushing your teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride-containing toothpaste. Brush all around every single tooth, taking care to be gentle so you don't harm your sensitive enamel or gums.

 

Flossing is an oft-neglected habit, but it's especially important to do if you suffer from a dry mouth. You should floss at least once every 24 hours to remove food and bacteria that builds up in-between your teeth and at your gum line.

 

It's also important to visit your dentist for a dental exam and tooth cleaning every six months in order to prevent tooth decay and mouth diseases. If your frequent dry mouth risks affecting your oral health, your dentist may recommend that you use special products like prescription-strength toothpaste or mouthwash.

 

Avoid Anything that Exacerbates Your COPD Symptoms

 

 

Bee covered in pollen on a flower.

 

 

When your lungs and airways get irritated and inflamed, you're more likely to experience a dry mouth and throat. That's one of the reasons it's important to avoid allergens, air pollution, and irritating particles and fragrances if you have COPD.

 

Make sure you pay attention to your local weather conditions including the levels of pollen and smog in the air. Do your best to stay away from dangerous gases and particles, like dust, asbestos, and cleaning fumes.

 

If something does cause your symptoms to flare up, follow your COPD action plan and get them back under control as quickly as possible. The better you can manage your other COPD symptoms, the better you will be able to manage your dry mouth, as well.

 

Conclusion

 

Many COPD patients find that it can be a challenge to stay hydrated and keep their mouths from getting dry while treating their disease. This can be a very uncomfortable problem and can cause problems with your teeth and oral health.

 

Unfortunately, COPD has a knack for drying out your airways and making you dehydrated. It doesn't help that many medications prescribed to treat COPD symptoms can also dry out your mouth, nose, and throat.

 

Luckily, there are many different solutions for dry mouth that are simple, inexpensive, and effective. These include adjusting your oxygen delivery equipment, making dietary and lifestyle adjustments, and using a variety of different products such as saliva substitutes and mouth moisturizing gels.

 

Whether your dry mouth is caused by oxygen therapy, COPD symptoms, or any other cause, there are a variety of ways to reduce the dryness and prevent it from coming back. If you talk to your doctor and use the tips and techniques in this article, you are bound to find a solution that brings you relief.

Topics: COPD, Medication and Treatment, Respiratory Resource Center, Tips and Hacks

Duke Reeves

Written by Duke Reeves

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